Kids are affected with small rough textured firm bumps on the skin known as warts. These are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and are considered as noncancerous growths. Usually, through a tiny cut or scratch, the virus invade the skin. This virus leads to the fast growth of cells on the outer layers of the skin.
Warts can affect any area of the body but are often found near the fingernails, on the feet, on the face, and near the knees. Usually, warts do not cause any pain, but the bumps on the sole of the feet can be painful. Often, warts are skin-colored but can be dark as well.
Types of warts in children The skin warts that usually appear on children would be as follows:
Common warts - this is a small, hard bump that is dome-shaped. These warts are typically found on fingers, hands, knees, and elbows. Common warts are grayish-brown and have a rough surface with black dots inside.
Flat warts - usually, kids get these warts on their faces, but it can grow in other areas too. These warts are smoother compared to other warts and have flat tops. It appears in pink, light brown, or yellow color.
Plantar warts - usually, these warts appear on the bottom of the feet and can be excruciatingly painful.
Filiform warts - these warts grow around the mouth, eyes, or nose. Usually, it appears in flesh-color and has a finger-like shape.
Causes of warts
Children who bite fingernails or pick at hangnails are at more of a risk for warts as this can create open areas for the virus to enter and lead to a wart. Small cuts, wounds, or scratches can also put that specific area at risk to cause warts. Picking at warts can also cause warts to spread to other parts of the body. HPV viruses that cause warts are contagious. Hence will get passed on through physical contact or from touching something which a person with warts has touched, such as a towel, bathmat, or a shower floor. Genital warts are sexually transmitted and appear in the genital area.
Treatment Usually, warts will disappear on its own within a few weeks, months, or maybe a year. When warts are painful and discomforting, doctors would recommend different ways to remove warts. Doctors would prescribe certain medications to apply on warts or to burn warts using an electric current, freeze warts with liquid nitrogen, and laser treatment.
At Rama Skin Clinic and Hair Transplant Centre, doctors will identify warts and can provide the best treatment for warts that appear on children.